Press Arbitration Commission

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FAQ

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FAQ

프린트 폰트작게 폰트크게

FAQ

프린트 폰트작게 폰트크게
  • When was the PAC established?
    The Press Arbitration Commission(PAC) was established in 1981 under the Basic Press Act. In 2005, Act on Press Arbitration and Remedies, etc., for Damage Caused by News Reports was enacted.
  • How is the PAC organized?
    The Commission is composed of 40~90 commissioners including the chairman. Currently, we have 90 commissioners with 5 commissioners in every arbitral tribunal. There are 8 Seoul arbitral tribunals and 10 provincial arbitral tribunals. Since we have arbitral tribunals in different regions, complainants can easily find ways to recover from press reporting damages. There is also a secretariat which in charge of supporting the Commission’s operations.
  • How many commissioners make up an arbitral tribunal?
    Each arbitral tribunal is composed of five commissioners including a judge in service, a lawyer, a former journalist, professors and other experts. An incumbent judge plays the role of the chief commissioner of the arbitral tribunal.
  • Who are the petitioners for mediation and arbitration?
    Not only an individual but also a general organization, private companies, and provincial governments can claim for damage from news reports, etc. If a proxy(if the applicant is underage, a person in parental authority) claims for mediation or arbitration, he or she has to submit documents to prove delegable authority, or a letter of attorney.
  • Which media are subject to mediation/arbitration?
    The Commission deals with various types of damages caused by the press. “Press” refers to any broadcasting, newspapers, or periodicals. Complainants can file applications for mediation against radio, magazines, and news communications including online news.
  • Which press medium causes the most press report damage?
    Online media are the main cause of press report damages. In 2014, online media were responsible for 66.1% of the mediation cases. Development of Internet technology facilitated news production and distribution, contributing to increased online media related press report damages.
  • How is press reporting damage remedied?
    There are many ways the Commission can help victims recover from press reporting damages. A complainant can request for correction of a news report, reply to a news report, and a follow-up report. The complainant can also ask for compensation. Most cases are settled through correction, reply to, and deletion of online news reports with false or wrong information.
  • How many mediation/arbitration cases does the PAC handle a year?
    In 2014, the Commission handled 19,048 mediation cases and settled 11 arbitration cases. On average, the Commission deals with approximately 2,000 to 2,500 mediation cases per year but in 2014, this figure skyrocketed due to special circumstances.

    In April 2014, a ferry sank, taking away lives of approximately 300 victims. Reports were made suggesting that a specific religious group was responsible for the sinking of the ferry. Asserting that this is not true, believers of the religious group filed thousands of applications for mediation. Also, in the process of reporting, photos of believers were taken without consent and this led to defamation and invasion of privacy.
  • What is the settlement(remedial) efficiency rate of the PAC?
    In 2014, around 88.7% cases were settled at the Press Arbitration Commission without going to court. This is a significant figure, as it means that a substantial percentage of disputes are being resolved peacefully at the Commission. This proves that the mediation system of the Commission is highly effective.
  • What happens if the contending parties fail to reach an agreement or reject the Commission’s ex officio ruling?
    If the contending parties fail to reach a mutual agreement, the mediation procedure is automatically closed and the petitioner can file lawsuits. If either the petitioner or the press organization reject the Commission’s ex officio ruling, the case is sent to the court. The arbitration award has the same effect as the judicial judgment.
  • What are the differences between procedures of the PAC and procedures of the court(litigation)?
    Unlike law suits, the mediation procedure of the Commission is completed within two weeks from the point of receiving the request for mediation. While litigation aims to determine the right and wrong, mediation focuses on persuasion, remediation, and efforts to help contending parties reach an agreement.
  • How do petitioners and media organizations evaluate the Commission’s mediation and arbitration system?
    In 2014, petitioners’ satisfaction rate was 85.3/100 and that of media organizations was 74.7/100. These figures show that both contending parties are highly satisfied with the Commission’s system. Media organizations generally evaluate our system as ‘helpful’ and ‘useful’ in terms of cost and time saving, as well as in dispute resolution.
  • What is unique about the PAC compared to self-regulatory organizations, such as press councils operated in many other countries?
    The Press Arbitration Commission is a quasi-judicial organization founded on the basis of ‘Act on Press Arbitration and Remedies, etc., for Damage Caused by News Reports’. Therefore, the decisions of the Commission are binding while decisions of self-regulatory organizations, such as press councils, are not.
  • What are the noticeable aspects of the Korean media?
    As one of the IT superpowers, Internet penetration rate in Korea far exceeds the world average. Koreans actively share news reports through social network services and consume news via Internet service providers, such as Naver and Daum.
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